Worldwide, approximately 40 million children below the age of 15 are subjected to child abuse each year.
The statistics continue to hit high numbers:
- Studies from many countries in all regions of the world suggest that up to 80 to 98 % of children suffer physical punishment in their homes, with a third or more experiencing severe punishment resulting from the use of implements.
- From 2009-2013, Child Protective Services agencies substantiated, or found strong evidence to indicate that, 63,000 children a year were victims of sexual abuse.
- 82% of all victims under 18 are female.
- The effects of child sexual abuse can be long-lasting and affect the victim’s mental health. Victims are more likely than non-victims to experience the following mental health challenges:
About 4 times more likely to develop symptoms of drug abuse
About 4 times more likely to experience PTSD as adults
About 3 times more likely to experience a major depressive episode as adults
- Out of the yearly 63,000 sexual abuse cases substantiated, or found strong evidence, by Child Protective Services (CPS),6 the perpetrator was most often the parent:
- 80% of perpetrators were a parent
- 6% were other relative
- 5% were “other” (from siblings to strangers)
- 4% were unmarried partners of a parent
- Out of the sexual abuse cases reported to CPS in 2013, 47,000 men and 5,000 women were the alleged perpetrators.
- In 88% of the sexual abuse claims that CPS substantiates or finds supporting evidence of, the perpetrator is male. In 9% of cases they are female, and 3% are unknown.
- Only 310 out of every 1,000 sexual assaults are reported to police. That means about 2 out of 3 go unreported.
- Individuals of college-age2
- Female Students: 20% report
- Female Non-Students: 32% report
- The elderly: 28% report3
- Members of the military: 43% of female victims and 10% of male victims reported.
Reasons Victims Choose Not to Report
- Of the sexual violence crimes reported to police from 2005-2010, the survivor reporting gave the following reasons for doing so.
- 28% to protect the household or victim from further crimes by the offender
- 25% to stop the incident or prevent recurrence or escalation
- 21% to improve police surveillance or they believed they had a duty to do so
- 17% to catch/punish/prevent offender from reoffending
- 6% gave a different answer, or declined to cite one reason
- 3% did so to get help or recover loss
- Of the sexual violence crimes not reported to police from 2005-2010, the victim gave the following reasons for not reporting
- 20% feared retaliation
- 13% believed the police would not do anything to help
- 13% believed it was a personal matter
- 8% reported to a different official
- 8% believed it was not important enough to report
- 7% did not want to get the perpetrator in trouble
- 2% believed the police could not do anything to help
- 30% gave another reason, or did not cite one reason
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